prevent ophthalmia neonatorum - Neonatal testing for phenylketonuria

- To prevent ophthalmia neonatorum (a severe eye infection caused by maternal gonorrhea), the nurse may administer one of three drugs, as prescribed, in the neonate’s eyes: tetracycline, silver nitrate, or erythromycin.

- Neonatal testing for phenylketonuria is mandatory in most states.

The preterm neonate require gavage feedings because of a weak sucking reflex - Acrocyanosis is normal in neonates

- The preterm neonate may require gavage feedings because of a weak sucking reflex, uncoordinated sucking, or respiratory distress.

- Acrocyanosis (blueness and coolness of the arms and legs) is normal in neonates because of their immature peripheral circulatory system.

Kegel exercises require contraction and relaxation of the perineal muscles - Symptoms of postpartum

- Kegel exercises require contraction and relaxation of the perineal muscles. These exercises help strengthen pelvic muscles and improve urine control in postpartum patients.

- Symptoms of postpartum depression range from mild postpartum blues to intense, suicidal, depressive psychosis.

Skeletal system abnormalities and ventricular septal defects - The patient with preeclampsia

- Skeletal system abnormalities and ventricular septal defects are the most common disorders of infants who are born to diabetic women. The incidence of congenital malformation is three times higher in these infants than in those born to nondiabetic women.

- The patient with preeclampsia usually has puffiness around the eyes or edema in the hands (for example, “I can’t put my wedding ring on.”).

the anti-insulin effects of placental hormones - Gestational age be estimated by ultrasound measurement of maternal abdominal circumference

- Because of the anti-insulin effects of placental hormones, insulin requirements increase during the third trimester.

- Gestational age can be estimated by ultrasound measurement of maternal abdominal circumference, fetal femur length, and fetal head size. These measurements are most accurate between 12 and 18 weeks’ gestation.